- Brackets are the small squares which are bonded directly to the front of each tooth with a special dental bonding agent. They hold the arch wires which move the teeth. Occasionally, brackets are cemented to the back of teeth, to hide them from view.
- Orthodontic bands are cemented to the teeth with the help of dental bonding agents. They wrap around each tooth to provide an anchor for the brackets.
- Spacers are the separators that fit between the teeth to create a small space prior to the placement of orthodontic bands.
- Arch wires attach to the brackets and act as tracks to guide the movement of the teeth.
- A buccal tube on the band of the last teeth holds the end of the arch wire securely in place.
- Tiny elastic rubber bands, called ligatures, hold the arch wires to the brackets.
- Springs may be placed on the arch wires between brackets to push, pull, open or close the spaces between teeth.
- Elastics or rubber bands attach to hooks on brackets and are worn between the upper and lower teeth in various ways. They apply the required pressure to help move the upper teeth against the lower teeth to achieve a perfect fit of the individual teeth.
- Face bow headgear is the wire gadget that is used to move the upper molars back in the mouth to correct bite discrepancies and also to create room for crowded teeth.
Will Braces Be Painful?
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